Hair loss, sexual dysfunction and hallucinations have been added to list of symptoms for people with long Covid, according to a new study.
The research, based on the anonymised health records of 2.4 million people in the UK, found that patients who were diagnosed with long Covid were experiencing a much wider range of symptoms than doctors previously thought.
Two million people in the UK are estimated to be suffering from long Covid, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) reported last month.
The NHS England website currently only names 14 long Covid symptoms on its website, including extreme tiredness and insomnia.
However, researchers from the University of Birmingham have suggested there may be an additional 48 less-known side effects which long Covid patients can experience 12 weeks after catching the virus.
Some of these newly revealed side effects include bowel incontinence and an inability to perform familiar movements or commands.
Within the study, which was published in the journal Nature Medicine, the researchers also identified key groups and behaviour that put people at increased risk of developing long Covid.
They suggested that younger people, women and those from a black, mixed or other ethnic group were at greater risk of having long Covid after contracting the virus.
People from poorer backgrounds, smokers and people who were overweight or obese were also linked with reporting persistent symptoms.
The senior author, Dr Shamil Haroon, associate clinical professor in public health at the University of Birmingham, said: “This research validates what patients have been telling clinicians and policymakers throughout the pandemic – that the symptoms of long Covid are extremely broad and cannot be fully accounted for by other factors such as lifestyle risk factors or chronic health conditions.
“The symptoms we identified should help clinicians and clinical guideline developers to improve the assessment of patients with long-term effects from Covid-19, and to subsequently consider how this symptom burden can be best managed.”
The full list of symptoms are as follows:
- Shortness of breath at rest
- Shortness of breath
- Shortness of breath on exertion
- Pleuritic chest pain
- Chest pain
- Limb swelling
- Brain fog
- Hoarse voice
- Nasal congestion
- Ear pain
- Bowel incontinence
- Weight loss
- Abdominal pain
- Paresthesia – a burning or prickling sensation that is usually felt in the hands, arms, legs, or feet
- Joint pain
- Anhedonia – the inability to feel pleasure
- Hair loss
- Itchy skin
- Dry and scaly skin
- Nail changes
- Red eye
- Dry eye
- Ejaculation difficulty
- Reduced libido
- Erectile dysfunction
- Vaginal discharge
- Menorrhagia – menstrual bleeding that lasts more than 7 days
- Mouth ulcer
- Urinary retention
- Dry month
- Hot flushes
- Body ache
- Hemoptysis – coughing up blood from some part of the lungs
- Urinary incontinence
Meanwhile, experts have warned warned that some people who have long Covid are coming down with interstitial lung disease (ILD).
In its most severe form – the illness is fatal without the patient having to have a lung transplant.
ILD is a group of disorders that cause inflammation and make it hard for the lungs to get enough oxygen.
Denial of responsibility! planetcirculate is an automatic aggregator around the global media. All the content are available free on Internet. We have just arranged it in one platform for educational purpose only. In each content, the hyperlink to the primary source is specified. All trademarks belong to their rightful owners, all materials to their authors. If you are the owner of the content and do not want us to publish your materials on our website, please contact us by email – [email protected]. The content will be deleted within 24 hours.