Full list of long Covid symptoms hits 62 – as hair loss and erectile dysfunction added

Hair loss, sexual dysfunction and hallucinations have been added to list of symptoms for people with long Covid, according to a new study.

The research, based on the anonymised health records of 2.4 million people in the UK, found that patients who were diagnosed with long Covid were experiencing a much wider range of symptoms than doctors previously thought. 


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Two million people in the UK are estimated to be suffering from long Covid, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) reported last month. 

The NHS England website currently only names 14 long Covid symptoms on its website, including extreme tiredness and insomnia. 

However, researchers from the University of Birmingham have suggested there may be an additional 48 less-known side effects which long Covid patients can experience 12 weeks after catching the virus. 

Some of these newly revealed side effects include bowel incontinence and an inability to perform familiar movements or commands. 

Within the study, which was published in the journal Nature Medicine, the researchers also identified key groups and behaviour that put people at increased risk of developing long Covid. 

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They suggested that younger people, women and those from a black, mixed or other ethnic group were at greater risk of having long Covid after contracting the virus.

People from poorer backgrounds, smokers and people who were overweight or obese were also linked with reporting persistent symptoms.

The senior author, Dr Shamil Haroon, associate clinical professor in public health at the University of Birmingham, said: “This research validates what patients have been telling clinicians and policymakers throughout the pandemic – that the symptoms of long Covid are extremely broad and cannot be fully accounted for by other factors such as lifestyle risk factors or chronic health conditions.

“The symptoms we identified should help clinicians and clinical guideline developers to improve the assessment of patients with long-term effects from Covid-19, and to subsequently consider how this symptom burden can be best managed.”

The full list of symptoms are as follows:

  1. Shortness of breath at rest 
  2. Wheezing 
  3. Shortness of breath 
  4. Shortness of breath on exertion 
  5. Pleuritic chest pain 
  6. Chest pain 
  7. Pain 
  8. Palpitations 
  9. Tachycardia
  10. Limb swelling 
  11. Fatigue 
  12. Brain fog 
  13. Insomnia 
  14. Anosmia
  15. Sneezing 
  16. Hoarse voice 
  17. Dysphagia
  18. Cough 
  19. Nasal congestion 
  20. Phlegm 
  21. Ear pain 
  22. Bowel incontinence
  23. Vomiting
  24. Nausea 
  25. Weight loss 
  26. Bloating 
  27. Diarrhoea
  28. Abdominal pain 
  29. Constipation 
  30. Gastritis
  31. Asthenia 
  32. Paresthesia – a burning or prickling sensation that is usually felt in the hands, arms, legs, or feet
  33. Joint pain 
  34. Anhedonia –  the inability to feel pleasure
  35. Anorexia 
  36. Anxiety 
  37. Depression 
  38. Hair loss
  39. Itchy skin 
  40. Dry and scaly skin
  41. Rash 
  42. Nail changes 
  43. Red eye
  44. Dry eye
  45. Ejaculation difficulty 
  46. Reduced libido 
  47. Erectile dysfunction 
  48. Vaginal discharge 
  49. Menorrhagia – menstrual bleeding that lasts more than 7 days
  50. Fever 
  51. Mouth ulcer 
  52. Urinary retention 
  53. Dry month 
  54. Hot flushes 
  55. Body ache 
  56. Hemoptysis – coughing up blood from some part of the lungs
  57. Urinary incontinence 
  58. Allergies 
  59. Headache 
  60. Polyuria 
  61. Dizziness 
  62. Vertigo 
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Meanwhile, experts have warned warned that some people who have long Covid are coming down with interstitial lung disease (ILD).

In its most severe form – the illness is fatal without the patient having to have a lung transplant.

ILD is a group of disorders that cause inflammation and make it hard for the lungs to get enough oxygen.

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