Jupiter now has 92 moons — more than any other planet in our solar system

Astronomers have discovered 12 new moons around Jupiter, putting the total count at a record-breaking 92. That’s more than any other planet in our solar system.

Saturn, the one-time leader, comes in a close second with 83 confirmed moons.

The Jupiter moons were added recently to a list kept by the International Astronomical Union’s Minor Planet Center, said Scott Sheppard of the Carnegie Institution, who was part of the team.

They were discovered using telescopes in Hawaii and Chile in 2021 and 2022, and their orbits were confirmed with follow-up observations. These newest moons range in size from 1 kilometre to 3 kilometres, according to Sheppard.

This sky map shows the positions of four of Jupiter’s moons the following night of the opposition, on Sept. 27, 2022, at roughly 10:30 p.m. ET. (Stellarium)

“I hope we can image one of these outer moons close-up in the near future to better determine their origins,” he said in an email Friday.

In April, the European Space Agency is sending a spacecraft to Jupiter to study the planet and some of its biggest, icy moons. And next year, NASA will launch the Europa Clipper to explore Jupiter’s moon of the same name, which could harbour an ocean beneath its frozen crust.

People stand in a warehouse below a large grey box-like structure with a round satellite mounted on the front.
The ESA’s (European Space Agency) ‘Juice’ probe is unveiled for media in Toulouse, France, on January 20, 2023, a few days ahead of its departure to Kourou space centre. Scheduled for launch in April 2023, Juice will make detailed observations of Jupiter and its three large ocean-bearing moons Ganymede, Callisto and Europa with a suite of instruments. (Charly Triballeau/AFP via Getty Images)

Sheppard — who discovered a slew of moons around Saturn a few years ago and has taken part in 70 moon discoveries so far around Jupiter — expects to keep adding to the lunar tally of both gas giants.

Jupiter and Saturn are loaded with small moons, believed to be fragments of once bigger moons that collided with one another or with comets or asteroids, Sheppard said.

The same goes for Uranus and Neptune, but they’re so distant that it makes moon-spotting even harder. Uranus has 27 confirmed moons, Neptune has 14, Mars has two, and Earth has one moon. Venus and Mercury come up empty.

Jupiter’s newly discovered moons have yet to be named. Sheppard said only half of them are big enough — at least 1.5 kilometres or so — to warrant a name.

A moon passing by the planet Jupiter in the background.
Gliding past the planet Jupiter, the Cassini spacecraft captures this awe inspiring view of active Io, Jupiter’s third largest satellite, with the largest gas giant as a backdrop, offering a stunning demonstration of the ruling planet’s relative size, April 20, 2001. (NASA/Getty Images)

Source link

Denial of responsibility! planetcirculate is an automatic aggregator around the global media. All the content are available free on Internet. We have just arranged it in one platform for educational purpose only. In each content, the hyperlink to the primary source is specified. All trademarks belong to their rightful owners, all materials to their authors. If you are the owner of the content and do not want us to publish your materials on our website, please contact us by email – [email protected]. The content will be deleted within 24 hours.