Russia claims to have taken Soledar in Ukraine after pitched battle

Russia said on Friday that its forces had taken control of the salt-mining town of Soledar in eastern Ukraine overnight after days of relentless fighting, claiming Moscow’s first big battlefield gain after half a year of military setbacks.

Reuters could not immediately verify the situation in the town. Earlier on Friday, Kyiv said fighting was still continuing there after what it described as a “hot” night.

The spokesperson for Ukraine’s eastern military command denied that Russia had seized control of the town of Soledar and said Ukrainian units were still there. 

“Our units are there, the town is not under Russian control,” the spokesperson, Serhiy Cherevatyi, told Reuters by telephone.

Russia said the capture of Soledar would make it possible to cut off Ukrainian supply routes to the larger nearby city of Bakhmut, and trap remaining Ukrainian forces there. Russia has been trying to seize Bakhmut for months in brutal warfare.

“The capture of Soledar was made possible by the constant bombardment of the enemy by assault and army aviation, missile forces and artillery of a grouping of Russian forces,” Moscow’s defence ministry said.

Kyiv says Russia threw wave upon wave of soldiers and mercenaries into a pointless fight for a bombed-out wasteland at Soledar, and U.S. officials said a Russian victory there, or even in Bakhmut, would make little difference to the overall war.

Before-and-after satellite images show the damage in the eastern Ukrainian town of Soledar from Aug. 1, 2022 to Jan. 10, 2023. (Maxmar Technologies/Reuter)

Soledar, with a pre-war population of just 10,000, sits above cavernous salt mines. Bakhmut, ten times larger, is a substantial provincial district hub.

“Even if both Bakhmut and Soledar fall to the Russians, it’s not going to have a strategic impact on the war itself,” U.S. National Security Council spokesman John Kirby told reporters at the White House on Thursday, adding that it also wouldn’t affect Ukraine’s resolve.

‘Difficult phase’: Ukraine

The Wagner ultra-nationalist mercenary company run by Yevgeny Prigozhin, an ally of President Vladimir Putin, had claimed to have captured Soledar on Wednesday.

Putin has said Wagner does not represent the state and is not breaking Russian law and has the right to work and promote its business interests anywhere in the world.

WATCH | Wagner group instrumental in Russia’s Soledar fight:

Ukraine holds steady in bloody battle for Soledar

Russia puts a new commander in charge of its invasion in Soledar, a salt mining town in Eastern Ukraine. But Ukraine says it’s not giving up its fight to keep Russia from seizing the town, despite heavy fighting on a bloody battlefield.

Russia’s defence ministry had stayed silent regarding the Wagner claim from earlier in the week.

Ukraine’s Deputy Defence Minister Hanna Malyar wrote on the Telegram messaging app that “the enemy threw almost all the main forces in the direction of Donetsk and maintains a high intensity of offensive.”

“This is a difficult phase of the war, but we will win,” she said.

Outside Soledar on Thursday, Ukrainian soldiers were dug into well-fortified trenches in the wintry woods. Explosions echoed in the distance.

A 24-year-old soldier using the call-sign BUK, told Reuters the intensity of shelling had risen by around 70 per cent, but forces were still holding their positions.

“The situation is difficult but stable. We’re holding back the enemy … we’re fighting back.”

Several soldiers hold a Ukraine flag over a coffin.
Ukrainian service members hold a national flag over a coffin with the body of a soldier who was recently killed in a fight against Russian troops, during a ceremony at the Independence Square in Kyiv, on Thursday. (Viacheslav Ratynskyi/Reuters)

Ukraine says some civilians unable to flee Soledar

Ukrainian officials said on Thursday more than 500 civilians were trapped inside Soledar, including 15 children.

In an overnight video address, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy thanked two units in Soledar he said were “holding their positions and inflicting significant losses on the enemy.” He did not give more details.

The front lines in Ukraine have barely budged for two months since Russia’s last big retreat in the south. Meanwhile, the battles around Bakhmut and Soledar became what both sides called a “meat grinder” — a brutal war of attrition claiming the lives of thousands of soldiers needed for decisive battles ahead.

The new year has brought important pledges of extra Western weapons for Ukraine, which is seeking armour to mount mechanized battles against Russian tanks. Last week, France, Germany and the United States pledged to send armoured fighting vehicles, and this week Canada pledged to purchase from the U.S. a National Advanced Surface-to-Air Missile System (NASAMS) for Ukraine.

WATCH | Canada does next best thing without NASAMS missile system of its own: analyst:

Canada’s donation of missile system to Ukraine exactly what it needs, analyst says

A new U.S. missile defence system that Canada is buying for Ukraine ‘plugs yet another gap in their skies,’ says Andrew Rasiulis, a fellow with the Canadian Global Affairs Institute.

On Friday, Finland joined Poland in promising to send German-made Leopard tanks to Ukraine as part of a Western coalition. That requires the permission of Berlin, which has so far been hesitant but has lately signalled a willingness to allow it.

Putin launched the invasion on Feb. 24, saying Kyiv’s ties with the West threatened Russia’s security, and Russia has since claimed to have annexed four Ukrainian provinces. Ukraine and its allies call it an unprovoked war to seize territory, and Kyiv says it will fight until it recaptures all its land.

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